Mandu (Korean Dumpling)

Korean Mandu

만두
Mandu, mandoo, wonton, won ton, yaki mandu, jin mandu, djin mandu, jjin mandu
Mandu are dumplings usually filled with minced meat, tofu, green onions, garlic, soy bean sprouts, and noodles made from sweet potato starch.

Servings: 20

Ingredients

1

package

(100 count) or 2 (50 count) package 3 1/2 inch round dumpling wrappers

water

Filling

1

package

(12 - 14 ounce) firm tofu

1

pound

extra lean ground beef (89% lean or better)**

3

each

green onions, finely chopped (Save 1 teaspoon for the dipping sauce)

3

ounces

fresh garlic, minced

2

teaspoons

pure sesame oil

2

each

eggs

1

teaspoon

salt

1/2

teaspoon

black pepper

3

ounces

mung bean sprouts

3

ounces

Korean Vermicelli (sweet potato starch noodle)

1/2

white or yellow onion, finely chopped

1/2

small green cabbage, shredded

Optional Ingredients

*2 or 3 ounces kimchi, finely chopped

**Substitute Ingredients

1

pound

ground pork, chicken, turkey, bison, or game meats instead of beef

Omit meat and add 1/2 additional package of tofu for vegetarian variety.

Dipping Sauce

4

tablespoons

soy sauce**

1 or 2

tablespoon

sugar

1

teaspoon

pure sesame oil

1/2

teaspoon

toasted sesame seed

1

teaspoon

crushed or minced garlic

1

teaspoon

green onion, finely chopped

Optional Ingredients

1

teaspoon

fine ground Korean red chile pepper

**Substitute Ingredients

4

tablespoons

teriyaki sauce OR 3 tablespoons oyster sauce instead of soy sauce

For Frying

Pan fry: 2 to 4 tablespoons vegetable oil

Deep Fry: 2 to 4 cups vegetable oil

Procedure

Preparation

Filling

Korean Vermicelli

Traditional: Soak the noodle in cold water for at least one hour.

Fast: Boil 1/2 quart water. Rinse noodle in cold tap water then add to boiling water. Boil for 2 to 3 minutes or until limp(soft). Remove from heat and drain. Rinse with cold tap water and drain thoroughly. Chop into very small pieces (mince) and set aside.

Tofu, Beef, Kimchi(if used)

Place the tofu in cheesecloth or a clean lintless towel, wrap, and squeeze out as much moisture as possible, then crumble into a large mixing bowl.

Repeat the process with the ground beef, then the kimchi(if used).

Onion, Green Onion, cabbage, bean sprouts, garlic

Finely chop (mince) and add to bowl.

Final Mix

Add the remaining filling ingredients (including chopped noodles) to the bowl and mix well.

Place 1/4 of the filling mix into a smaller bowl. (Mandu will be filled from this bowl, refill as needed until all filling is used)

Cover and refrigerate the rest of the filling mix.

Dipping Sauce

Mix all dipping sauce ingredients together in a small mixing bowl and let stand for at least twenty minutes.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Stuffing The Mandu

Lightly dust a large sheet of wax paper, tin foil, or plastic sheeting with corn or potato starch.

Set a small dish of water close to your work area.

Place some of the dumpling wraps on a small cutting board or wax paper.

Place about 1 teaspoon of the filling mix in the center of the wrap.

Dip your finger or a small basting brush into the water and lightly wet the outside edges of the wrap.

Fold the top over until the edges are even, then press to seal starting on either the left or right, and removing as much air as possible. Or use a 3 1/2 inch dumpling press.

Set the mandu on the dusted foil/waxed paper while you stuff the remaining wraps, refilling your small bowl until all the filling is used.

Storage

Freeze any mandu that you do not intend to cook.

Place the mandu to be frozen on a cookie/baking sheet so that they are not touching. Set the sheet in your freezer.

Once they are frozen, the mandu may be placed into zip lock style freezer bags and returned to the freezer.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cooking The Mandu

Steaming- Jin Mandu

Thaw frozen mandu before cooking.

A stove top or electric steamer is recommended, but you can improvise with a large soup/stock pot that can be covered, and any type of flat bottomed metal sieve or strainer that has legs or risers to keep the bottom above water level.

Electric steamers: Add water and pre-heat according to manufacturers instructions.

Stove Top Steamer: Add water to level line or one inch below the bottom of the steaming tray and bring to full boil.

Line the steaming tray with cheesecloth and place one layer of mandu, evenly spaced, not touching, onto the cloth.

Place the tray in the steamer, cover, and cook fresh or thawed mandu for 10 to 12 minutes.

Serve steamed mandu with dipping sauce or continue with pan or deep fry.

Pan Fry

Thaw frozen mandu before cooking.

Pour vegetable oil into a non-stick skillet until there is an unbroken coating on the bottom.

Heat over medium high heat until the oil is very hot, then place a single layer of mandu into the skillet. Do not overlap.

Cook the mandu until the bottom is a golden brown then turn them over.

Add about 2 tablespoons water to the pan, then quickly cover and cook for another 3 minutes.

Place the mandu in a serving or warming dish and repeat the procedure until the desired number of mandu is cooked.

Cooked mandu may be held in a warm oven until cooking is complete.

Serve the mandu with dipping sauce.

Deep Fry - Yaki Mandu

Thaw frozen mandu to room temperature.

A deep fryer is reccommended, but you may use a wok or standard cooking pot.

Pre Heat 2 to 4 cups vegetable oil to 365 degrees (amount of oil used depends on the size of your fryer, use a sufficient amount to completely submerge the mandu, approximately 2 inch depth) Make sure that oil level is at least 2 inches below the top of your fryer.

If you don't have a deep fry or candy thermometer you can test the oil with a pinch of bread or wooden toothpick. Drop the bread or toothpick into the hot oil, if it immediately begins to bubble, the oil is hot enough.

Place several mandu into the hot oil using a metal slotted spoon or small metal strainer with a handle.

--CAUTION: DO NOT DROP MANDU INTO THE OIL!!-- Serious burns or fire could result.

Cook mandu until golden brown, remove from oil, and place in a metal straining basket or paper towel lined plate. Fried mandu may moved to an oven safe dish and kept in warm oven until all frying is complete.

Serve fried mandu with dipping sauce.

Shopping List for Mandu

(View as seperate Page)

Shopping List for Mandu
ItemAmount needed for recipe
3 1/2 inch round dumpling wrappers (1 package (100 count) or 2 (50 count))
vegetable oil Pan fry
vegetable oil Deep Fry
2 to 4 tablespoons
2 to 4 cups
Filling
ItemAmount needed for recipe
firm tofu 1 package (12 - 14 ounce)
extra lean ground beef (89% lean or better)** 1 pound
green onions(3 needed)
fresh garlic3 ounces
1 small bottle roasted sesame seed oil2 teaspoons
eggs 2
salt 1 teaspoon
black pepper 1/2 teaspoon
mung bean sprouts 3 ounces
Korean Vermicelli (sweet potato starch noodle) 3 ounces
white or yellow onion 1/2 onion
small green cabbage, shredded 1/2 cabbage
Optional Ingredients
ItemAmount needed for recipe
napa cabbage kimchi 2 or 3 ounces
Substitute Ingredients
ItemAmount needed for recipe
ground pork, chicken, turkey, bison, or game meats instead of beef 1 pound
firm tofu for meat1 package (12 - 14 ounce)
Dipping Sauce
ItemAmount needed for recipe
soy sauce 4 tablespoons
sugar 1 or 2 tablespoon
Pure roasted sesame seed oil 1 teaspoon
toasted sesame seed 1/2 teaspoon
garlic crushed or minced 1 teaspoon
green onion 1 teaspoon
Optional Dipping Sauce Ingredients
ItemAmount needed for recipe
fine ground Korean red chile pepper 1 teaspoon

Nutrition Facts

Serving size: 1/20 of a recipe (4.8 ounces).

Percent daily values based on the Reference Daily Intake (RDI) for a 2000 calorie diet.

Nutrition information calculated from recipe ingredients.

Amount Per Serving

Calories

229.92

Calories From Fat (23%)

52.09

Calories From Protein (22%)

50.34

Calories From Carbohydrates (55%)

127.49

Calories From Alcohol (0%)

0

% Daily Value

Total Fat 5.72g

9%

Saturated Fat 1.66g

8%

Monounsaturated Fat 2.04g

 

Polyunsaturated Fat 1.11g

 

Trans Fatty Acids 0g

 

Cholesterol 74.98mg

25%

Sodium 574.18mg

24%

Potassium 236.94mg

7%

Total Carbohydrates 31.54g

11%

Fiber 1.6g

6%

Sugar 1.47g

 

Net Carbohydrates 29.94g

 

Protein 12.5g

25%

Vitamin A 138.89IU

3%

Vitamin C 12.15mg

20%

Calcium 60.89mg

6%

Iron 2.71mg

15%

Vitamin E 0.17mg

2%

Thiamin 0.27mg

18%

Riboflavin 0.3mg

18%

Niacin 3.26mg

16%

Vitamin B6 0.17mg

9%

Folate 60.19mcg

15%

Vitamin B12 0.5mcg

8%

Pantothenic Acid 0.33mg

3%

Vitamin K 6.58mcg

8%

Phosphorus 126.63mg

13%

Magnesium 27.12mg

7%

Zinc 1.64mg

11%

Copper 0.16mg

8%

Manganese 0.41mg

21%

Selenium 19.54mcg

28%

Alcohol 0g

 

Caffeine 0mg

 

Water 84.14g

0%

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